Open Access

Table 3

Determination of phenolic compounds in olive oil and different olive tree organs: comparison between the proposed method with previous published researches.

Sample (g) Extraction solvent Instrumental techniquea Analytes (with elution order) Analysis time (min) References
Olive roots (0.5 g)
Olive fruits (0.5 g)
Methanol HPLC-UV
Analytical column: ZORBAX Eclipse XDB − C18 (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm)
Hydroxytyrosol, catechin hydrate, tyrosol, hydroxybenzoic acid, luteolin-7-rutinoside, verbascoside, luteolin-7-glucoside, apigenin-7-glucoside, oleuropein, quercetin, pinoresinol, apigenin 24 The present method
Olives fruits (0.05 g) Methanol-water (60:40) UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS
Analytical column: agilent SB-C18 (4.6 × 50 mm, 1.8 μm)
Gallic acid, hydroxytyrosol, methyl gallate, luteolin-7-glucoside,rutin, ellagicacid, oleuropein 12 Ben Brahim et al. (2017)
Olive leaves (1 g) Ethanol-water (59:41) HPLC-DAD
Analytical column: Lichrospher C18 100 (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm)
Verbascoside, luteolin-7-glucoside, apigenin-7-glucoside, oleuropein 40 Malik and Bradford (2006)
Olives fruits (2 g) dimethylsulfoxide HPLC-DAD
Analytical column: agilent eclipse − C18 (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm)
Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, caffeicacid,verbascoside, luteolin-7-glucoside, rutin, oleuropein, quercetin 45 Konno et al. (1998)
Table olive (2 g) Methanol (2 mM Sodium fluoride) HPLC-DAD-FLD
Analytical column: Gemini-NX C18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 3 μm)
Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, catechin, vanillic acid, syringic acid, vanillin, sinapic acid, o-vanillin, luteolin-7-glucoside, verbascoside, apigenin-7-glucoside, oleuropein, quercetin luteolin, apigenin 50 Uccella (2000)
Olive oil (5 g) Methanol-water (60:40) HPLC/DAD-ESI/MS
Analytical column: Spherisorb C18-ODS2 (4.6 × 250 mm,5 μm)
Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, vanillic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, oleuropein, pinoresinol, luteolin, apigenin 50 Ryan and Robards (1998)
Olives fruits (1.5 g) Methanol HPLC-DAD
Analytical column: Spherisorb C18-ODS2 (4.6 × 250 mm,5 μm)
Hydroxytyrosol, chlorogenic acid, verbascoside, oleuropein, rutin, apigenin-7-glucoside, luteolin 66 Stalikas (2007)
Olives fruits (1.5 g) Methanol HPLC-DAD-FLD-MS/MS
Analytical column: Spherisorb C18-ODS2 (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm)
Oleuropein, verbascoside, quercitrin, luteolin-7-glucoside rutin 70 Obied et al. (2008)

HPLC-UV: high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detector; HPLC-DAD: high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection; HPLC-DAD-FLD-MS/MS: high-performance liquid chromatography–diode array detection–fluorescence-mass spectrometry; HPLC/DAD-ESI/MS: high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection-electrosprayionization-mass spectrometry; UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS: ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry; HPLC-DAD-FLD: high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection-fluorescence.

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