Table 3

Examples of the impact of carbon sources on lipid production in some microalgae.

Microalgae Stress conditions Lipid content, lipid productivity Major lipids References
Chlorella vulgaris CO2 < 11.9%, 20.7 mg.L−1.d−1 linolenic (C18:2), oletic acid (C18:1), palmitic acid (C16:0) Yoo et al. (2010)
Botryococcus braunii CO2 25.8%, 5.51 mg.L−1.d−1 oletic acid (C18:1), palmitic acid (C16:0), linolenic (C18:2)
Scenedesmus sp. CO2 < 11.9%, 20.7 mg.L−1.d−1 palmitic acid (C16:0), linolenic (C18:2), oletic acid (C18:1)
Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 Glucose and CO2 53.0%, 143.9 mg.L−1.d−1 oletic acid (C18:1), palmitic acid (C16:0) Yeh and Chang (2012)
Chlorella protothecoides Glucose 32.0%, 200 mg.L−1.d−1 oletic acid (C18:1), linolenic (C18:2), palmitic acid (C16:0) Chen and Walker (2012)
Phaeodactylum tricornutum Glucose 40.0%, 38 mg.L−1.d−1 palmitoleic acid (C16:1), hexadecylic acid C16:0, eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5n3) Wang et al. (2012a)
Chlorella vulgaris Crude glycerol 15.9%, n.d oletic acid (C18:1), linolenic (C18:2), palmitic acid (C16:0) Choi and Yu (2015)
Scenedesmus sp. Crude glycerol 16.2%, n.d oletic acid (C18:1), linolenic (C18:2), palmitic acid (C16:0)
Thraustochytrium sp. BM2 Corn steep liquor 76.0%, 888 mg.L−1.d−1 n.d Chen et al. (2020b)

n.d: not determined

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