Structure and order of magnitude of direct costs attributable to bird damage at emergence under two scenarios with or without resowing. Yield losses for both scenarios are estimated at 12% (Sausse, 2016).
|Prevention||Equipment (scaring), time spent... Not rated|
|Lower yield||Non-optimal planting date: €110||Non-optimal population (density and structure): €129|
|Price reduction on oil content||Not relevant|
|Cost of re-sowing||Passage − seed: €119||Not relevant|
|TOTAL (excluding prevention)||€229||€129|
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