Open Access

Table 3.

Adverse effects of trans fatty acids.

Decrease or inhibit
Decrease or inhibit incorporation of other fatty acids into cell membranes
Decrease high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Inhibit delta-6 desaturase (interfere with elongation and desaturation of essential fatty acids)
Decrease serum testosterone (in male rats)
Cross the placenta and decrease birth weight (in humans)

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Platelet aggregation
Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)]
Body weight
Cholesterol transfer protein (CTP)
Abnormal morphology of sperm (in male rats)

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