Volume 11, Number 6, Novembre-Décembre 2004
|457 - 463
|15 November 2004
Application du procédé séchage-friture aux amandes de karité : cinétique de séchage
Département de biochimie, Faculté des sciences, Université de Dschang, BP 67
2 Ecole nationale supérieure des sciences agro-industrielles (ENSAI), Université de Ngaoundéré, BP 455 Ngaoundéré, Cameroun
3 Laboratoire de physico-chimie et génie alimentaires, ENSAIA – INPL, 2, avenue de la Forêt de Haye, 54500 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy cedex, France
Fresh kernel of shea (Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy) have been dehydrated by a deep-fat frying dehydration process with view to extract subsequently the shea butter. The deep-fatfrying dehydration significantly reduces the water content of the shea kernels within a very short period of time. The effects of some operating parameters on the mass transfers during deep-frying showed that the rate of drying was linked to the temperature of the bath, the frying time, the thickness of the kernels, and the mass ratio kernels/butter. A final moisture of about 5% was obtained after 10 minutes of frying at 150-180 °C applied to kernels cut into slices of 2 to 6 mm thick with a weight ratio kernels/butter of less than 0.04. The residual moisture content can be expressed using mathematical models taking into account the operating parameters. A negative linear correlation was fund between the water and butter contents. Such a rapid frying was considered to improve the quality of the fat extracted from shea kernels that have been preserved from moisture degradation during processing.
Key words: Butyrospermum parkii / shea butter / deep-fat frying dehydration / kinetic of drying
© John Libbey Eurotext 2004
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