Volume 11, Number 4-5, Juillet-Octobre 2004
|Page(s)||301 - 308|
|Section||Conséquences de la réforme|
|Published online||15 July 2004|
Les Conséquences de la réforme sur l’agriculture française
Centre d’économie rurale de la Mayenne Parc Technopole de Changé, Rue Albert Einstein, BP 26116, 53061
Laval cedex 9
02 43 49 84 00
02 43 49 84 01
The fall of the intervention prices on the principal products and their replacement by direct assistances was translated, over the long period since 1992, by falls of result of the exploitations. The decoupling of the assistances, even partial assistances, will change the mode of management reasoning in agricultural firms. The economic result of a production will henceforth be calculated without taking into account the European assistance in the receipt. That mechanically reduces the level of result of this production. It results from it a modification from the relative interest from the choice from such or such agricultural production. That will modify the inputs use, the irrigation and the firm organisation. That will call into question the worse grounds use. It should result from that a strong reorganization from French agriculture and agroalimentary industries. The choice of the French government to maintain, for the bovine nursing herd, the assistances coupled with production will stiffen this production in its volume and on the territory which it currently occupies. The fall of the support prices of milk with the introduction of a compensation subsidy without link with the production will lead to a restructuring of the exploitations, of milk industries and to a redistribution of the production on the territory. Finally, this new European Common Agricultural Policy gets French agriculture in front of the obligation to transform. To some extent, it is found in front of the need for a revision which has the same scope as that of 1962.
Key words: CAP / decoupling / bovine nursing / French agriculture / big farm / single payment
© John Libbey Eurotext 2004
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