Sunflower / Tournesol
Open Access

Table 1

Sunflower depredating species cited by Linz and Hanzel (1997).

Continent Family Common name Latin name
North America Icteridae Red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
  Icteridae Common grackle Quiscalus quiscula
  Icteridae Yellow-headed blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
  Passeridae House sparrow Passer domesticus
  Passeridae American goldfinch Carduelis tristis
South America Psittacidae Monk parakeet Myiopsitta monachus
  Columbidae Eared dove Zenaida auriculata
  Columbidae Spot-winged pigeon Columba maculosa*
  Columbidae Picazuro pigeon Columba picazuro*
Europe Passeridae Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus
  Passeridae Spanish sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
Columbidae Eurasian collared dove Streptopelia decaocto
Columbidae European turtle dove Streptopelia turtur
Corvidae Unspecified Unspecified
Asia Psittacidae Rose-ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri
  Psittacidae Alexandrine parakeet Psittacula eupatria
  Corvidae House crow Corvus splendens
  Passeridae House sparrow Passer domesticus
  Passeridae Spanish sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
  Corvidae Crows Unspecified
  Columbidae Dove Unspecified
  Columbidae Speckled pigeon Columba guinea
  Columbidae Red-eyed dove Streptopelia semitorquata
Australia Cacatuidae Sulphur-crested cockatoo Cacatua galerita
  Cacatuidae Galah Eolophus roseicapilla

* Damage reported at maturity but also at sunflower emergence.

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