Table 6

Characteristics of studied raw materials.

Oil-bearing material Pretreatments Type of oil Initial oil content (%) References
Whole seeds Deshelled, dehulled, grounded, dried, de-linter, steamed, flaked, extruded, and/or crushed Peanuts 42–47 Do and Sabatini (2010, 2011), Nguyen et al. (2010) and Pauzan et al. (2013)
Canola 40–52 Do and Sabatini (2010, 2011), Tuntiwiwattanapun et al. (2013) and Radi et al. (2013)
Corn 17 Kadioglu et al. (2011)
Soy 18.9 wt Do et al. (2014a, b)
Palm kernel seeds 48–59 Pauzan et al. (2013) and Naksuk et al. (2009)
Shale sludge 40.54 Qin et al. (2015)
Walnuts Chen et al. (2018)
Cottonseeds 33 Petts et al. (2017)
White fabric Pre-washed in deionized water, ironed, cut, soiled with oil by complete submersion (1 min), hung to dry and equilibrate overnight Jojoba 26 Do et al. (2014a, b)
Canola 0.2–24 Phan et al. (2010a, b) and Do et al. (2014a, b)
Coconut 0.3–25 Phaodee et al. (2019) and Do et al. (2014a, b)
Palm kernel 24 Do et al. (2014a, b)
Press cake Grounded and pressed Palm mesocarp fiber 5–11 Ramly et al. (2017)

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