Technological challenges in oilseed crushing and refining / Défis technologiques de la trituration et du raffinage des oléagineux
Characteristics of studied raw materials.
|Oil-bearing material||Pretreatments||Type of oil||Initial oil content (%)||References|
|Whole seeds||Deshelled, dehulled, grounded, dried, de-linter, steamed, flaked, extruded, and/or crushed||Peanuts||42–47||Do and Sabatini (2010, 2011), Nguyen et al. (2010) and Pauzan et al. (2013)|
|Canola||40–52||Do and Sabatini (2010, 2011), Tuntiwiwattanapun et al. (2013) and Radi et al. (2013)|
|Corn||17||Kadioglu et al. (2011)|
|Soy||18.9 wt||Do et al. (2014a, b)|
|Palm kernel seeds||48–59||Pauzan et al. (2013) and Naksuk et al. (2009)|
|Shale sludge||40.54||Qin et al. (2015)|
|Walnuts||–||Chen et al. (2018)|
|Cottonseeds||33||Petts et al. (2017)|
|White fabric||Pre-washed in deionized water, ironed, cut, soiled with oil by complete submersion (1 min), hung to dry and equilibrate overnight||Jojoba||26||Do et al. (2014a, b)|
|Canola||0.2–24||Phan et al. (2010a, b) and Do et al. (2014a, b)|
|Coconut||0.3–25||Phaodee et al. (2019) and Do et al. (2014a, b)|
|Palm kernel||24||Do et al. (2014a, b)|
|Press cake||Grounded and pressed||Palm mesocarp fiber||5–11||Ramly et al. (2017)|
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