Recapitulation of avoided refining costs (per ton of crude oil).
(kg/t crude oil)
|Rate of reduction||Cost
|Caustic soda (100%)||3||100%||0.47||1.41|
|Phosphoric acid (85%)||0.7||100%||1.2||0.84|
|Bleaching earths and activated carbon||4||20%||0.65||0.52|
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