Open Access

Table 1

Efficacy of control methods (from Aubertot et al., 2005 and Seassau et al., 2016).

Downy mildew Verticillium wilt Phoma premature ripening Phomopsis stem canker Sclerotinia white mold
Genetic control +++ +++ + +++ ++
Chemical control ++ ++ +++
Physical control +
Biological control +
Cultural control ++ + ++ ++ ++

+: efficacy level of the method; −: no method available.

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