Open Access

Table 4

Pros and cons of crambe in Europe.


Positive traits Implications Ref. Negative traits Implications Ref.

Short cycle Several combinations 1 High frost Chilling stress risks 7
of crop rotation sensitivity in winter sown

Low input Environmental benefits, 2,3 Low radiation Low seed yield 8
management low management costs use efficiency by pods

Adaptability Use of abandoned land 4, 5, 6
to marginal lands (avoid food/non-food debates,
nature conservation programmes)

Seed and by-product quality

Positive traits Implications Ref. Negative traits Implications Ref.

High content of erucic Erucamide production, 9
acid (up to 60%) several oleochemical streams

High content Bio-based compounds for 10, 11, 12 High content Limitation 14
of glucosinolates plant protection and human health of glucosinolates as livestock feed

Encapsulated seeds Prevention against abrasion 13 Encapsulated seeds High managing costs, 15
and shocks, no seed shattering difficult emergence

1Lenssen et al., 2012; 2Rogério et al., 2013; 3Dos Santos et al., 2013; 4Francois and Kleiman, 1990; 5Fowler, 1991; 6Lonov et al., 2013; 7Adamsen and Coffelt, 2005; 8Mejier et al., 1999; 9Bondioli et al., 1998; 10Avato et al., 2013; 11Bohinc et al., 2013; 12Sapone et al., 2007; 13Costa et al., 2013; 14Wang et al., 2000; 15Merrien et al., 2012.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.