Volume 20, Number 1, January-February 2013
|Page(s)||45 - 49|
|Section||Chevreul medale award 2011|
|Published online||15 January 2013|
Enzymes in lipid modification: From classical biocatalysis with commercial enzymes to advanced protein engineering tools
Institute of Biochemistry, Department of Biotechnology, Enzyme Catalysis, Greifswald University, Felix-Hausdorff-straße 4, 17487 Greifswald, Germany
Accepted: 30 October 2012
In this review, the application of enzymes, especially lipases, for the modification of fats and oils is covered. This includes the lipase-catalyzed selective production of structured triglycerides and the isolation or incorporation of specific fatty acids. Protein engineering methods to modify lipases on a molecular level were used to alter the fatty acid chain-length and ‘‘trans over cis’’ selectivity of lipase A from Candida antarctica. Furthermore, an enzymatic cascade reaction to remove 3-monochloropropanediol and the identification of a phospholipase C for degumming are briefly covered.
Key words: lipase / phospholipase / biocatalysis / lipid modification / structured triglycerides / degumming / 3-MCPD / protein engineering
© John Libbey Eurotext 2013
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