Volume 18, Number 1, Janvier-Février 2011Dossier : Lipides et inflammation
|Page(s)||39 - 45|
|Published online||15 January 2011|
A preliminary approach for modelling the effects of cropping systems on the dynamics of broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa) in interaction with the non-parasitic weed flora
INRA, AgroSup Dijon, UMR 1210 biologie et gestion des adventices, 21000 Dijon, France
2 UMR 1210 biologie et gestion des adventices, 17, rue Sully, BP 86510, 21065 Dijon cedex, France
The current decrease in herbicide use may increase and diversify weed flora in crops as well as companion bioagressors spreading via weeds. Among these bioagressors is Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel, a parastic plant which is very harmful on oilseed rape. The objective of the present work was to develop a new model (called PheraSys) of the effects of cropping systems on parasite dynamics, in interaction with non-parasitic weed hosts. The structure of this first model version was based on models developed for other parasitic plants and on FlorSys which quantifies the effects of cropping systems on non-parasitic weed flora. PheraSys was parametrized with preliminary values from literature and expert opinion, connected to FlorSys for weed host predictions and used to simulate parasite dynamics in a few contrasting cropping systems
Key words: cropping system / weed / parasitic plant / broomrape / Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel / model / oilseed rape / Brassica napus L
© John Libbey Eurotext 2011
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