Volume 13, Number 4, Juillet-Août 2006
|Page(s)||256 - 260|
|Section||PMA et organisations internationales|
|Published online||15 July 2006|
Les idées de la Banque mondiale en matière de développement1
CADTM (Comité pour l’annulation de la dette du Tiers Monde), 345, avenue de l’Observatoire, Belgique, 4000
The World Bank claims that, in order to progress, the Developing Countries should rely on external borrowing and attract foreign investments. The main aim of thus running up debt is to buy basic equipment and consumer goods from the highly industrialised countries. The facts show that day after day, for decades now, the idea has been failing to bring about progress. The models which have influenced the Bank’s vision can only result in making the developing countries heavily dependent on an influx of external capital, particularly in the form of loans, which create the illusion of a certain level of self-sustained development. The lenders of public money (the governments of the industrialised countries and especially the World Bank) see loans as a powerful means of control over indebted countries. Thus the Bank’s actions should not be seen as a succession of errors or bad management. On the contrary, they are a deliberate part of a coherent, carefully thought-out, theoretical plan, taught with great application in most universities. It is distilled in hundreds of books on development economics. The World Bank has produced its own ideology of development. When facts undermine the theory, the Bank does not question the theory. Rather, it seeks to twist the facts in order to protect the dogma.
Key words: self-sustained development / World Bank / world economic models
Ce texte constitue le chapitre 10 du livre Banque mondiale : le coup d’Etat permanent paru en 2006 en coédition CADTM-Syllepse-Cetim, Liège-Paris-Genéve. http://www.cadtm.org
© John Libbey Eurotext 2006
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