Symposium "Dairy Lipids and Health - From the first 1000 days and beyond...." on Friday September 23, 2022 (Paris)
- Published on 07 September 2022
On the next September 23, Cniel and SFEL are joining forces to share with you the latest scientific advances on the nutritional roles of dairy lipids.
During this Symposium, Marie-Caroline MICHALSKI will receive the CHEVREUL 2022 Medal for the excellence of the scientific work carried out in recent years in the field of Human Nutrition and Lipids, and in particular dairy lipids.
This symposium will be held in French except for the CHEVREUL Medal Award and the last conference by Anestis Dougkas which will be in English.
For Registration to the Chevreul Medal Conference video at 2pm (Paris time) please answer NO to the question « Will you attend this event in Paris at La Maison du Lait on September 23th » and you will receive by email a link before september 23.
La Rivista Italiana Delle Sostanze Grasse (RISG) 2/2022: New issue published
- Published on 18 August 2022
The latest issue (2/2022) of Rivista Italiana Delle Sostanze Grasse (RISG), the Italian Journal of Fatty Substances published by the Oils and Fats Unit of Innovhub SSI, is available in open access:
Here are the contents:
- Impact of several physical treatments on the improvement of some quality parameters of crude olive oil
Maher M. Al-Dabbas, Rawan B. Al-Jaloudi, Khaled M. Al-Ismail, Sabal Bani Mustafa
- Effect of the enrichment with natural antioxidants obtained by maceration or ultrasound-assisted extraction from olive leaves on organic extra virgin olive oil
Mariem Arfaoui, Mouna Boulares, Asma Bezzezi, Souha Ayachi, Mahmoud Ghrab, Nour Elhouda Jouini, Mnasser Hassouna, Sonia Boudiche
- Improvement of Tunisian ‘Chemlali’ extra virgin olive oil stability with rosemary and laurel herbs and essential oils
Mouna Boulares, Asma Bezzezi, Meriem Arfaoui, Aziza Boulares, Mahmoud Ghrab, Olfa Ben Moussa, Mnasser Hassouna, Sonia Boudiche
- Impact of the hybrid on the fatty acid composition and thermal stability of cold-pressed sunflower oils produced from 17 newly cultivated hybrids from the region of North Macedonia
Sanja Kostadinović Veličkovska, Natalija Markova Ruzdik, Ljupco Mihajlov, Emilija Arsov, Sasa Mitrev, Ivan Donev
- Optimisation of low-fat high-protein cookie formulation: effects of using butter and composite flour on nutritional, physical and sensory properties
Emir Ayşe Özer, Neslihan Özbuldu, Beyza Özpalas
- Review - A systematic review on essential oils and biological activities of the genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae)
N.H.A. Kadir, W.M.N.H.W. Salleh, N.A. Ghani
- Short note - Expired bakery products as a promising alternative source for biodiesel production
Ayman M. El-Anany, Rehab F.M. Ali
Journées CHEVREUL, ‘80 Years of SFEL’, 18-20 January 2023, Paris
- Published on 11 July 2022
To celebrate the 80th birthday of the French Society for the Study of Lipids (SFEL) and to thank Chevreul Medalists who contributed to the success of the ‘Journées Chevreul’, SFEL is pleased to announce these exceptional edition of ‘Journées Chevreul’ which will be held on January 2023 (3 consecutive days from January 18th to 20th) in a famous place of science in Paris, the National Museum of Natural History (Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, MNHN).
‘Journées Chevreul’ will be organized in collaboration with MNHN, French Academy of Agriculture and two French scientific societies, the Lipidomics Study and Research Group (Groupe d’Etude et de Recherche en Lipidomique, GERLI) and the Lipid Nutrition Group (Groupe Lipides Nutrition, GLN).
These days will provide an overview of all the research themes on lipids supported by SFEL since its creation and the major developments in the various fields of research on lipids in a context of multiple transitions (environmental, societal, bioeconomic, etc.). It will be the opportunity to award the Chevreul Medal 2023 to Pr Michel Linder (FRA).
Here are the major themes (with scheduled speakers) selected:
- Opening Session on SFEL and Michel-Eugène CHEVREUL – Claude Leray (FRA), Christian Ferault (FRA), Hervé Plessix (FRA)
- Omega3 in the Brain - Jean-Marie Bourre (FRA), Richard Bazinet (CAN)
- Genomic/Varietal selection & Oilseed Sector – André Pouzet (FRA), Valérie Mazza (FRA)
- Lipids, Nutrition and Human Health – Frédéric Carrière (FRA)
- Lipids in the Ocean, Microorganisms – Peter Nichols (AUS), Marie Vagner (FRA), Michel Linder (FRA)
- Lipids & Brain – Stephen Cunnane (CAN), Vincenzo Di Marzo (ITA), Fabien Pifferi (FRA)
- Lipochemistry, Emulsion & New Technologies - Charlotte Jacobsen (DNK), Romain Valentin (FRA), Laurianne Simon (FRA)
Lipids Online 2022 : the role of elongase 2 on EPA and DHA metabolism (free webinar)
- Published on 11 July 2022
“The role of elongase 2 on eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid metabolism” is the title of the coming ISSFAL’s seminar. This free webinar will be proposed the 13th of July 2022 (10:00 AM New York City | 15:00 London | 10:00 PM Singapore) by Adam Metherel, PhD (Department of Nutritional Sciences @University of Toronto, Canada https://nutrisci.med.utoronto.ca/faculty/adam-metherel).
Increases in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) levels following docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) supplementation has long been explained by the retroconversion pathway. Conversely, a lack of increase in DHA levels following precursor supplementation, such as EPA, has been used as evidence for low DHA synthesis rates. However, recent evidence from animal and human modeling reveals that increases in EPA with DHA supplementation may be the result of an inhibition of EPA metabolism, and despite no changes in DHA levels with EPA supplementation, substantial synthesis of DHA occurs. New evidence indicates that inhibition of elongase 2 by DHA may explain the increased EPA levels – not retroconversion. Elongase 2 also appears to be an important regulatory enzyme for DHA synthesis, particularly as a mechanism to explain the well-known higher DHA levels in women compared with men. This presentation will review these findings and present new evidence highlighting the potentially important role of elongase 2 in EPA and DHA metabolism.
Free Webinar (ISSFAL’s members and non-members are invited)
PRE-REGISTRATION REQUIRED, Click here
New CiteScore for OCL - Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids shows a significant increase
- Published on 27 June 2022
Following the release of the latest CiteScores by Scopus, we are pleased to report that the 2021 CiteScore for OCL - Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids is 3.4 – an increase from 2.9 in 2020. It is now ranked 117/370 in Agronomy and Crop Science (Q2). We are happy to see the high-quality content published by OCL in open access continuing to make an impact in the agronomy and crop science community and proud of the journal’s continued growth.
La Rivista Italiana delle Sostanze Grasse : n°1/2022 is online
- Published on 12 May 2022
La Rivista Italiana delle Sostanze Grasse’s last issue (1/2022) is available on line.
Here is its summary:
- Analysis of RASFF notifications on fats and oils
Ecem Aydin, Asli Yorulmaz
- Physicochemical and bioactive properties of cold press wild plum (Prunus spinosa) and sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) kernel oils: fatty acid, sterol and phenolic profile
Ilker Atik, Salih Karasu, Ramazan Sevik
- Butom (Pistacia palaestina, Boiss) fruit and its extracted oil functional characteristics
Khaled M. Al-Marazeeq, Khalid Al-Ismail, Mohammed Saleh
- Unsaponifiable fraction of Tunisian grape seed oils
Hela Harbeoui, Walid Yeddes, Wissem Aidi Wannes, Moufida Saidani Tounsi
- Regeneration behaviour of agro-industrial based waste materials. Barley husk, wheat bran and oat husk: a frying oil study
Suzan Özcan, Buket Aydeniz-Guneser
- Phlomis species protects the cells from oxidative stress by upregulating catalase enzyme expression
Pelin Tastan, Dervis Birim, Tugce Fafal, Guliz Armagan, Bijen Kivcak
- Short note - Variation in essential oil composition of three Litsea species from Malaysia
M.A.M. Azhar, W.M.N.H.W. Salleh, S. Khamis, N.A. Ghani
Norme sulla etichettatura, contributi sperimentali per la definizione, la stima e la previsione del ‘best before’
Pierangela Rovellini, Sonia Calligaris, Andrea Milani, Paolo Lucci, Lanfranco Conte, Maria Cristina Nicoli
Biolubrificanti e mitigazione della contaminazione ambientale. Mercato e principali applicazioni dei biolubrificanti
Paolo Bondioli, Igor Calderari, Marco Bellini, Liliana Folegatti
Analytical tools for the characterization of bioactive molecules of Extra Virgin Olive (EVO) oil and for the determination of authenticity
Monica Casale, Adriana Arigò
Oleogel: definition, possible applications and further developments
Sonia Calligaris, Francesco Ciuffarin, Maria Cristina Nicoli
- Nota tecnica - Lubriﬁcanti. Corrispondenze tra metodi analitici (Gennaio-Dicembre 2021)
Maura Sala, Patrizia Ruggieri
LOOKING BACK - Origin of Male Sterilities and Sunflower Hybrid Varieties in France and Worldwide
- Published on 21 April 2022
by: Bernard VIVIER, INRAE – Agri-Obtentions, Clermont-Ferrand, France (retired)
"The edible oil most widely used in France before 1970 was obtained from imported groundnuts. During the 1960s, the French government decided to develop oil crops that could be produced in France, to replace these importations. INRAE was asked to undertake research programmes concerning rapeseed and sunflower. The latter species was not grown in France at this time, except for small areas in South-Eastern France, mainly for bird feed (mostly the variety Gris Strié de Provence) and in gardens during World War 2, to provide a small amount of oil. In the 1960s, the sunflower crop was most important in the USSR, mainly in southern Russia and Ukraine, using open pollinated varieties bred for their high oil contents by V. PUSTOVOIT at Krasnodar.
Discovery of Genic Male Sterility
Simone LENOBLE, who was in charge of the sunflower programme at INRAE, Clermont-Ferrand, contacted the VNIIMK at Krasnodar to obtain samples of their different varieties. Collaborations were implemented with the French Association of oil seed multipliers (USGOS/AMSOL) and the CETIOM (now Terres Inovia), the technical institute, to multiply, test and distribute this material. In 1962, the first samples were grown in the INRAE sunflower nursery, and one plant producing no pollen was observed, it was male sterile. Such plants are very rare and its observation was the equivalent of some medical discoveries.
This male sterile plant showed no particular coloration (it was described as “green”). An old French variety, “Nain Noir”, present in the 1962 sunflower nursery, showed red coloration on stems, petioles and leaf edges, due to the presence of anthocyanins (defined as “red”). Pollen from this variety was applied on the male sterile plant. The seeds obtained were sown in the greenhouse in October 1962. At emergence, all the seedlings showed the red coloration. This character was therefore considered to show dominant inheritance.
In February 1963, I joined the sunflower laboratory at INRAE, Clermont-Ferrand. With S. Lenoble, when the plants in the greenhouse flowered, we observed that they all produced pollen (they were male fertile). They were self-pollinated, by covering the heads with bags. The seed harvested was sown in spring 1963 and at flowering, the ¾ plants, which were all “red”, were all male fertile whereas the ¼ plants which were “green” were all male sterile. The two characters followed the laws of Mendel for major genes and were very closely linked genetically. This was the discovery of what is known as genic male sterility in sunflower, marked by the presence or absence of red coloration (Leclercq, 1966). However, since the male sterile character shows recessive inheritance, it was not possible to obtain a progeny with 100% male sterile plants. To permit crossing with another line to produce uniform hybrids, it was necessary to remove all the “red” plants before flowering. Lines developed from various Russian and Bulgarian varieties were used as male parents to pollinate the male sterile plants. To permit research and breeding on a larger scale, the sunflower team was enlarged with the arrival of two technicians.
Development of the First Hybrid Variety
Field trials to compare the yield and oil content of the experimental hybrids led to the registration in 1970 on the French Official Catalogue of the first sunflower hybrid in the world, INRA 6501. In the same period, a very early open pollinated variety, ISSANKA, was registered by INRAE at Montpellier.
Large scale cropping of sunflower in France started in about 1968 using the open pollinated varieties imported from the USSR by USGOS/AMSOL and recommended after study by CETIOM/Terres Inovia. Production of INRA 6501 and field trials of other hybrids were developed by collaboration between INRAE and seeds firms in areas of France with climates adapted to sunflower: Limagne, Rhone valley, western and southwestern France.
Pollination of sunflowers is mainly carried out by bees, which can collect pollen and nectar quite far from their hives. Large scale hybrid seed productions and checks of the uniformity of the seed produced made it possible to determine the distance, about one kilometre, necessary to isolate hybrid production from other sunflower crops.
Multiplication of the female parent required the seed to be sown very densely before removal of all the « red » plants in the bands designated « female », from which the seed was harvested and all the « green plants » in the bands designated « male » which produced the pollen. This required a large amount of manual labour as was also the case for the female parent in commercial hybrid production.
Discovery of Cytoplasmic Male Sterility
At the same time as the commercial development of « genic hybrids », under the direction of André CAUDERON, Patrice LECLERQ, who succeeded Simone LENOBLE (who transferred to Lusignan to work on forage crops), made some interspecific crosses in the nursey, between cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and related wild species, samples of which were provided by the American scientist C. HEISER.
From a cross between the wild species Helianthus petiolaris and H. annuus, he obtained plants with a cytoplasmic male sterility (a character determined in the cytoplasm, under maternal inheritance). Published by Leclercq (1969), this male sterility gives progenies with 100% of the plants producing no pollen, and thus largely simplifying hybrid seed production. The male parents of cytoplasmic hybrids must carry restorer genes, which were obtained from several Helianthus species (Kinman, 1970, Leclercq, 1971). The first cytoplasmic hybrid in the world, registered in France in 1973 was called RELAX to indicate the simplicity of its production.
This cytoplasmic male sterility, distributed with no limitation or patent is still used freely and almost exclusively used throughout the world and has been the basis of an enormous extension of the sunflower crop in very many countries (Vear 2010). This development was also helped by pioneer research in sunflower agronomy and mechanisation.
These discoveries of male sterilities in sunflower made it possible to obtain hybrid varieties showing much more uniform height and maturity dates, compared with the old open-pollinated varieties, simplifying agronomic procedures. They also made possible more rapid progress in breeding for characters such as disease resistance and oil quality which can be rapidly fixed in parental lines (Vear 2016). They were the basis of the many breeding programmes developed in Europe, North America, South America and, more recently Asia.
The sunflower crop should continue to have a good future as it requires few inputs other than seed, is quite drought resistant and produces several sorts of edible oil much appreciated by consumers."
Bernard Vivier in an advertisement for an INRAE variety in about 1978
Kinman ML. 1970. Letter to Participants. Proc 4th Int Sunflower Conf, Memphis, TN, USA, June 23–25, 1970
Leclercq P. 1966. Une stérilité male utilisable pour la production d’hybrides simples de tournesol. Ann. Amélior.Pl. 16 :135-144.
Leclercq P. 1969. Une stérilité mâle cytoplasmique chez le tournesol. Ann. Amelior.Pl. 19: 99–106.
Leclercq P. 1971. La stérilité mâle cytoplasmique du tournesol 1. Premières études sur la restauration de la fertilité. Ann Amélior Pl. 21: 45–54.
Vear F. 2010. Classic Genetics and Breeding. In “Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Sunflower” ed. Kole C. Science Publishers Inc. Jersey, N.H, USA. : 51-77.
Vear F. 2016. Changes in sunflower breeding over the last fifty years. OCL 2016, 23(2) D202.
OCL Journal: Quick Feedback
- Published on 02 March 2022
As you know, OCL journal is a not-for-profit, peer-reviewed, full Open-Access scientific journal devoted to fats, lipids and oil- and protein-crops.
OCL covers the entire sector. The research papers and reviews published address a range of topical matters in agronomy, plant biology, biochemistry, analytical chemistry, lipid chemistry, as well as transversal research themes such as nutrition, the health-quality-food safety nexus, innovation and industrial processes, the environment and sustainable development, economics and social development.
In 2013, the decision was taken to relaunch the French journal OCL as an international publication: its title was therefore anglicized to OCL-Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids. Today, we have achieved the goals we set for ourselves in 2013:
- the proportion of articles published in English has been rising steadily, to reach 100% in 2021;
- the strict peer-review policy to ensure high-standard articles has been enhanced (in 2021, only slightly more than 40% of the articles submitted were accepted);
- OCL metrics have been increasing steadily, reaching the 2nd quartile in 2017 (agronomy section) and getting now very close from Q1 according to the Scopus Index.
In order to help us to improve our service, we would be thankful if you could take a few minutes to answer the following questions.
Looking for a Biochemistry Group Leader (M/ W)
- Published on 31 January 2022
LPS-Biosciences is an innovative Biotech SME established in 2011 with strong expertise in bacterial endotoxins and structural analysis with 40 years of research at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS). The company addresses and meets the endotoxins related needs of the biggest industrial groups in human and animal health, cosmetics, agriculture, and agri-food sectors, through service delivery, production, and partnership R&D.
LPS-Biosciences is also working with academic laboratories to advance research on pathogens and conduct innovative projects in the vaccines and diagnostic domains.
As part of the development of our activity in biotechnology and growth of our team, LPS-Biosciences is looking for a scientific manager. Reporting to the head of laboratory, you will be managing a team of technicians working for our clients. This will include planning and execution of research projects, quality control management, as well as budget of your team. To do this, you will accomplish the following tasks:
• Scientific responsibility of your team (manipulations, customer relationship, reports)
• Management of your team (security, organization, animation, training)
• Quality management (customer focus, standardization, feedback)
• Project management (project planning, tracking of time planned and carried out)
• Track costs associated with your missions (orders, budget, fundraising).
Young PhD in analytical biochemistry having a first experience of at least 2 years postdoctoral or company, and willing to manage a team.
- Desired technical skills
Experience in analytical Biochemistry: Structures of lipids, polysaccharides, LPS.
Structural characterization by chromatography, Mass Spectrometry (MALDI) and NMR
Tests (colorimetric, spectroscopy)
Purification through different techniques of chromatography and electrophoresis.
Manipulation of solvents, chemicals.
- Desired behavioral skills:
Motivation for the team management, independence, good organization, seriousness and professionalism
Commitment toward results and profitability
Excellent communication, oral and written, in French and English
Contributing to team spirit and good interpersonal skills
•Permanent position to be filled as soon as possible
•Place: Orsay in Essonne (91) France, near Paris, accessible by RER B and national road 118
2021 Chevreul Medal: Prof. Robert Gibson awarded
- Published on 07 November 2021
Each year since 1963, SFEL is rewarding an eminent researcher for his work in the world of lipids by conferring on him or her the CHEVREUL Medal in remembrance of the founder of lipochemical research, Michel Eugène CHEVREUL. In 2021, Pr Robert (Bob) Gibson, Professor Emeritus at the University of Adelaide, and Honorary Principal Research Fellow at the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), was honored with the CHEVREUL Medal.
His conference is available online at:
An article was published in OCL's journal: