Table 2

Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) requirements, supplies and simulations for changes in the diet (g/day). Minimum physiological requirements for PUFAs for an adult with a daily energy intake of 2000 kcal (excluding alcohol).

  Criterion ALA EPA DHA n-3 PUFA LA LA:ALA ratio n-6 PUFA
Requirements Physiological requirements (Anses, 2011) 1.6 0.5 2.1 4    
  Recommended nutritional supplyb 2.0 0.5 2.5 8 < 5  
Supplies INCA 3 1.0 0.28 1.28; 1.05d 7 7 10.4d
Simulations Supply if pork and poultry products are Bleu-Blanc-Cœur     + 0.8     −0.09
  Supply if certain oils are replacedc +0.2   +0.2 (+0.1a) −6.1 (−3.0a)    
a

If 50% of the oil supply is consumed.

c

Rapeseed instead of soybean, oleic sunflower instead of linoleic sunflower.

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