Open Access

Table 1

Stratification of the lifecycle sub-stage impacts for the production of one tonne of refined sunflower oil.

Lifecycle stages GHG emissions (kg eq. CO2) Net water consumption (L) Eutrophication (kg eq. N) Ecotoxicity (CTUe)
Crop farming 7.38E+02 1.57E+04 1.56E+01 1.03E+04
Dehulling 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
Crushing 7.26E+01 7.71E+02 5.87E-03 1.82E+02
Refining 8.62E+01 9.80E+02 7.36E-03 2.77E+02
Transporting oilseed from field to crushing site 8.36E+01 1.43E+02 2.96E-02 5.79E+02
Transporting crude oil from crushing site to refining site 6.83E+01 1.25E+02 2.79E-02 3.65E+02
Total 1.05E+03 1.77E+04 1.57E+01 1.17E+04

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