Open Access

Table 5

Pros and cons of camelina in Europe.


Positive traits Implications Ref. Negative traits Implications Ref.

High and Increased competition 1 Small Difficulties 1
quick emergence with weeds seed size at sowing/emergence

Short-season Several solutions for 2, 3 Little knowledge High yield gap 3, 6
Low water use innovative rotation systems on cultivation practices

Low-input Sustainable 4 Uneven plant Harvesting problems 1
practices cropping systems maturity. Seed shattering Considerable seed losses

Adaptability to Use of abandoned lands. No 5
marginal lands competition with food crops

Seed and by-product quality

Positive traits Implications Ref. Negative traits Implications Ref.

High content of PUFAs, Interesting oleochemical pathways, 7 Sinapine Low palatability of meal 9
mostly omega ω-3 f high value food/feed supplements

High content Source of MCFAs Glucosinolates Content exceeding 9
of eicosenoic acid legal limits

High content Food applications 8 High PUFAs Low oxidative stability 10
of tocopherols Increased oil stability

High content Possible use 7
of valuable protein as poultry feed

1Lenssen et al., 2012; 2Gesch and Archer, 2013; 3Gesch and Johnson 2015; 4Solis et al., 2013; 5Rodríguez-Rodríguez et al., 2013; 6Gesch et al., 2014; 7Zubr, 1997; 8Budin et al., 1995; 9Colombini et al., 2014; 10Bernardo et al., 2003.

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