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Table 2

Thermal and mechanical properties of VE from cardanol.

Materials Tα (°C)a Tg (°C)b E (MPa) at 20 °C T30% (°C)c

BMAVE/ST 158 138 1270 402
BMAVE/IBOMA 175 154 1960 327
CMAVE/ST 86 69 1060 406
CMAVE/IBOMA 116 92 1050 313

Tα determined by DMA at the peak of tan δ.


Tg determined by DSC, 2nd T° scan 20 °C/min.


Temperature of 30% weight loss as given by TGA under N2 atmosphere.

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