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Table 1

Descriptive statistics of 47 farms growing oilseed flax in western France.

(a) Continuous variables

Variable Mean Median Range

Farm arable land (ha) 142 140 54–303
Farm workforce (number of workers) 2.1 2.0 1.0–6.5
Farm gross operating surplus (€) 121 897 100 000 28 109–400 000
Age of farmer 46.8 47.0 26.0–62.0

(b) Categorical variables

Variable n Percentage of 47 farms

Farm with at least 1 livestock activity 31 66%
 Ruminants only 12 26%
 Granivores only 9 19%
 Ruminants and granivores 10 21%
Farm type
 Specialist field crops 22 47%
 Specialist grazing livestock 6 13%
 Specialist granivores 8 17%
 Mixed livestock holdings 5 11%
 Mixed crops-livestock 6 13%
Farm work
 Self-sufficient in farm equipment 6 13%
 Dependent on service-supply agency 11 23%
 Dependent on machinery cooperative 9 19%
 Dependent on the two previous groups 21 45%

A worker (farmer, farm worker) is a person who works full-time on a farm for one year.

Gross operating surplus is “the balance of the trading account for companies” and is equal to “value added minus payroll and other taxes on production and plus operating grants” (INSEE, 2014). Four farmers did not provide these data.

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