Open Access

Table 2

Olive biophenols (OBP) properties (Obied et al., 2012).

1. Antioxidant effect “OBP have RONS scavenging, reducing power,
and metal chelating activities, induce endogenous
antioxidant enzymes such as catalase, superoxide
dismutase, quinone reductase, glutathione
peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione
S-transferase, and g-glutamylcysteine synthetase”.

2. Anti-inflammatory effect OBP act against cardiovascular diseases (CVD)
and some types of cancer by inhibition of
proinflammatory enzymes, phosphoinositide
3 kinase, tyrosine kinases, and downregulation
of various proinflammatory cytokines, tumor
necrosis factor alpha, interleukins including
and monocyte chemotactic protein-1.

3. Cardiovascular effects 3.1. blood pressure-antihypertensive activities;
3.2. platelet and endothelial function;
3.3. platelet and endothelial function;
3.4. atherosclerosis;
3.5. other cardioprotective properties.

4. Immunomodulatory effects OBP have been shown to modulate immune
function, particularly inflammatory processes
associated with the immune system.

5. Gastrointestinal effects 5.1. gastroprotective effects;
5.2. modulation of digestive enzymes.

6.1. antidiabetic effects;
6. Endocrine effects 6.2. osteoprotective effects;
6.3. other endocrine effects.

7. Respiratory effects OBP antioxidant and anti-inflammatory
properties against lung diseases.

8. Autonomic effects 8.1. cholinergic effects;
8.2. adrenergic effects.

9.1. neuroprotective effects;
9. Central nervous system effects 9.2. analgesic and antinociceptive effects;
9.3. behavioral effects.

10. Antimicrobial and chemotherapeutic effects 10.1. antibacterial properties;
10.2. antifungal properties;
10.3. antiviral properties;
10.4. antiprotozoal and antiparasitic activities.

11. Anticancer and chemopreventive effects Biophenols can directly control cell growth
at different stages of carcinogenesis via
inducing apoptosis or inhibiting
proliferation by diverse mechanisms.

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