Volume 19, Number 1, Janvier-Février 2012
|Page(s)||39 - 50|
|Section||Dossier : Lipochimie|
|Published online||15 January 2012|
Les lipides : une matière première alternative pour la synthèse de polymères de spécialités
ITERG, Institut des Corps Gras, 11 rue Gaspard Monge, 33600 Pessac, France
2 Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères Organiques, UMR 5629 CNRS-Université Bordeaux1-IPB, 16, Avenue Pey-Berland, 33607 Pessac Cedex, France
Currently, the dependence of the chemical industry on fossil fuels is very important (95 % of chemicals from fossil fuels). In addition, the scarcity of nonrenewable resources is one – with climate change, pollution, increasing population, limited water resources and biodiversity erosion – of the sustainable development challenges. The use of renewable resources appears as an alternative or even a priority in order to solve the challenges of sustainability. The French chemical industry is a very active area with a GDP of around 18 billion euros and 1.3 billion euros of investment in research and development. However, the sector also faces a number of difficulties due to the decreased activity of its petrochemical industries, the phenomena of offshoring and concentrations. Indeed, the development of new bio-based materials is a major challenge and vegetable oils can be a source of such bio-based materials.
Key words: lipid / polyols / polyurethanes / bio-based polymers
© John Libbey Eurotext 2012
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