Volume 18, Number 5, Septembre-Octobre 2011Lipids and Brain II. Actes des Journées Chevreul 2011 (Deuxième partie)
|Page(s)||246 - 250|
|Section||Signalling Mechanisms and Metabolism of Omega-3 PUFA in the Brain|
|Published online||15 September 2011|
Imaging plasma docosahexaenoic acid (dha) incorporation into the brain in vivo, as a biomarker of brain DHA: Metabolism and neurotransmission
Brain Physiology and Metabolism Section, National Institute on Aging, Building 9, room 1S128, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is critical for normal brain structure and function, and its brain concentration depends on dietary DHA content and hepatic conversion from its dietary derived n-3 precursor, a-linolenic acid (α-LNA). We developed an in vivo method in rats using quantitative autoradiography to image incorporation into brain of unesterified plasma DHA, and showed that the incorporation rate equals the rate of brain metabolic DHA consumption. Thus, quantitative imaging of DHA incorporation from plasma into brain can be used as a biomarker of brain DHA metabolism and neurotransmission. The method has been extended to humans with the use of positron emission tomography (PET). Furthermore, imaging in unanesthetized rats using DHA incorporation as a biomarker in response to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) administration confirms that regional DHA signaling is independent of extracellular calcium, and likely mediated by a calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2). Studies in mice in which iPLA2-VIA (β) was knocked out confirmed that this enzyme is critical for baseline and muscarinic cholinergic signaling involving DHA.
Key words: docosahexaenoic acid / iPLA2 / cPLA2 / brain / biomarker / imaging / positron / arachidonic / calcium / rat / human / PET
© John Libbey Eurotext 2011
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