Volume 13, Number 6, Novembre-Décembre 2006
|Page(s)||413 - 418|
|Published online||15 November 2006|
Modelling nitrous oxide emissions from cropland at the regional scale
INRA, AgroParisTech UMR1091 Environnement et Grandes Cultures, F-78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France.
(+33) 1 30 81 55 63
2 INRA, UR0272, Science du Sol, BP 20619, F-45166 Olivet, France
3 INRA, Université de Bourgogne, UMR1229 Microbiologie et Géochimie des Sols, F-21065 Dijon, France
Arable soils are a large source of nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, making up half of the biogenic emissions worldwide. Estimating their source strength requires methods capable of capturing the spatial and temporal variability of N2O emissions, along with the effects of crop management. Here, we applied a process-based model, CERES, with geo-referenced input data on soils, weather, and land use to map N2O emissions from wheat-cropped soils in three agriculturally intensive regions in France. Emissions were mostly controlled by soil type and local climate conditions, and only to a minor extent by the doses of fertilizer nitrogen applied. As a result, the direct emission factors calculated at the regional level were much smaller (ranging from 0.0007 to 0.0033 kg N2O-N kg–1 N) than the value of 0.0125 kg N2O-N kg–1 N currently recommended in the IPCC Tier 1 methodology. Regional emissions were far more sensitive to the soil microbiological parameter s governing denitrification and its fraction evolved as N2O, soil bulk density, and soil initial inorganic N content. Mitigation measures should therefore target a reduction in the amount of soil inorganic N upon sowing of winter crops, and a decrease of the soil N2O production potential itself. From a general perspective, taking into account the spatial variability of soils and climate thereby appears necessary to improve the accuracy of national inventories, and to tailor mitigation strategies to regional characteristics. The methodology and results presented here may easily be transferred to winter oilseed rape, whose has growing cycle and fertilser requirements are similar.
Key words: nitrous oxide / arable crops / modelling / regional scale
© John Libbey Eurotext 2006
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