Volume 13, Number 2-3, Mars-Juin 2006
|Page(s)||117 - 120|
|Section||Biocarburant et biodiesel|
|Published online||15 March 2006|
Bilan énergétique et gaz à effet de serre : perspectives agricoles
Cétiom, INRA UMR Agronomie, BP1, 78850 Thiverval Grignon
According to an official french life cycle study, the energetic balance of biodiesel produced from oil seed crops is about 2.99 for oil seed rape and 3.16 for sunflower. Diesel greenhouse gas emissions are roughly four times as important as biodiesel emissions from oil seed crops. So presently, these two major performances of sustainability result very positive. For oil seed rape, development of acreage on deep soils, decrease of N fertilisation rate, decrease of energetic costs in N fertilisers industry and development of minimum tillage should continue to improve on energetic balance. On the contrary, for sunflower, the present trend is not an improvement of its energetic balance. In order to go more ahead, more abrupt changes are needed: as reduction of N applications for sunflower, and oil seed rape plant breeding in order to increase N content of seeds and decrease N content of its harvest residues.
Key words: oil seed crops / biodiesel / energetic balance / greenhouse gas
© John Libbey Eurotext 2006
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