Volume 12, Number 1, Janvier-Février 2005
|Page(s)||68 - 77|
|Published online||15 January 2005|
Le rôle majeur du canal potassique TREK-1 dans la protection neuronale induite par les oméga-3
Institut de pharmacologie moléculaire et cellulaire, UMR CNRS 6097, 660 Route des Lucioles, 06560
Accepté : 22 Février 2005
The nutritional interest of polyunsaturated fatty acids from omega-3, that are mainly present in vegetal and fish oils is now validated by the scientific community. Their beneficial effects have first been reported in coronary heart diseases. Many neurological and chronic diseases are often related to deficiencies in omega-3 and omega-6 and their derivatives. Polyunsaturated fatty acids from omega-3 family are essential to brain growth and neuronal preserving (foetuses, children, old people) as well as visual and cognitive functions. They are recently considered as factors of improvement in some mental diseases. Today, polyunsaturated fatty acids could play a key role in the prevention and/or or the treatment of cerebral diseases. With the development of in vitro and in vivo experimental models, it is now possible to demonstrate the omega-3-induced neuronal protection against major pathologies such as epileptic seizures and cerebral ischemia. The molecular mechanism of neuronal protection induced by omega-3 is now clarified. The omega-3 target would be a potassium channel, TREK-1, which belongs to the new family of 2-P domain potassium channels (K-2P). The discovery of the physiopathological role of these K-2P channels can represent an important therapeutical challenge not only in cerebrovascular diseases, but also in psychiatry.
Key words: omega-3 / alpha linolenic acid (ALA) / 2P-domain K+ channels (K-2P) / TREK-1 / epilepsy / cerebral ischemia
© John Libbey Eurotext 2005
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