Open Access
Volume 21, Number 2, March-April 2014
Article Number D206
Number of page(s) 5
Section Dossier: Oil crops and supply chain in Africa / La filière oléagineuse en Afrique
Published online 05 March 2014
  • Byakagaba P, Eilu G, Okullo JBL, Tumwebaze SB, Mwavu EN. Population structure and regeneration status of Vitellaria paradoxa (C.F. Gaertn.) under different land management regimes in Uganda. Agric. J. 1: 14–22.
  • Carette C, Malotaux M, Van Leewen M, Tolkamp M. 2009. Shea nut and butter in Ghana, opportunities and constraints for local processing. PDF document available at:
  • D’Auteuil C. 2008. Improved shea butter trading through certification LEISA Magazine.
  • FAOSTAT. 2013., assessed June 13–21, 2013.
  • Hatskevich A, Jeníček V, Antwi Darkwah S. 2011. Shea industry – a means of poverty reduction in Northern Ghana. Agric. Tropica Subtropica 44: 223-228.
  • Kavaarpuo AVE. 2010. Development implications of the shea industry as a lead cash crop for Northern Ghana: Case studies in Bole, Wa-west and Bongo districts. MSc. Ph. D. Thesis, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, 110 p.
  • Kelly BA, Hardy OJ, Bouvet JM. 2004. Temporal and spatial genetic structure in Vitellaria paradoxa (shea tree) in an agroforestry system in southern Mali. Mol. Ecol. 13: 1231–1240. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Kletter L. 2002. Highlights for 2002 Planning. Accra, TechnoServe, Ghana.
  • Konaté L. 2012. Creating competitive market models Burkina Faso: the case of Nununa Women’s Shea Butter Federation. SNV Netherlands Development Organisation: Case Studies Burkina-Shea.
  • Lovett PN. 2010. Sourcing shea butter in 2010: a sustainability check. In: Global ingredients & formulations guide 2010. The Green Book of Cosmetics. H. Ziolkowsky GmbH, Augsburg, Germany: Verlag für chemische Industrie, pp. 62–68.
  • Lovett PN. 2004. The shea butter value chain: Production, transformation and marketing in West Africa. WATH Technical Report No. 2, Dakar, WATH.
  • Lovett PN, Haq N. 2000. Diversity of the Sheanut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn.) in Ghana. Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 3: 293–304. [CrossRef]
  • Maranz S, Wiesman ZGarti N. 2003. Phenolic constituents of shea kernels (Vitellaria paradoxa). J. Agric. Food Chem. 21: 6268–6273. [CrossRef]
  • Nde Bup D. 2010. Physical properties, moisture sorption isotherms and the indirect solar drying of sheanut kernels. Ph.D. thesis, ENSAI, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroun, 252 p.
  • Nde Bup D., Fon Abi C, Tenin D, Kapseu C, Tchiégang C, Mouloungui Z. 2013. Effect of Cooking on Moisture Sorption Isotherms of Sheanut (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn.) Kernels: Evidence from Light and Scanning Electron Microscopy. Food Bioprocess Technol. 6: 1897–1906. [CrossRef]
  • Nyarko G, Mahunu GK, Chimsah FA, Yidana JA, Abubakari A-H, Abagale F, Okia CA, Obua J, Agaro E. 2005. Natural regeneration, population structure and traditional management of Vitellaria paradoxa in the shea parklands of northern and eastern Uganda. Proc. Afr. Crop Sci. Conf. 7: 1187–1191.
  • Okiror P, Agea JG, Okia CA, Okullo JBL. 2012. On-farm management of Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn. In Amuria District, Eastern Uganda. Int. J. For. Res. 768946: 8 p.
  • Quainoo K, Poudyal AM. 2012. Leaf and fruit characteristics of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) in Northern Ghana. Res. Plant Biol. 3: 38−45.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.