Table 1

Overall objectives common to the innovative cropping systems of the five platforms of the Syppre experimental network: issues, indicators, and target. *The carbon stock will be used only for the final evaluation of systems.

Issues Indicators (unit) Targeted result
Productivity Gross energy production (MJ.ha−1) ≥ control system
Energy efficiency (unitless) ≥ control system
Profitability Direct margin (€.ha−1) ≥ control system
Earnings Before Interests Taxes Depreciation Amortization (EBITDA) per Human Work Unit (HWU; €.HWU−1) ≥ control system
Input use and environmental impacts Treatment Frequency Index (TFI; unitless) -50% compared to regional reference
Amount of mineral nitrogen fertilizer (kg.ha−1) -20% compared to control
Primary energy use (MJ.ha−1) -20% compared to control
Greenhouse Gas emissions (GHG; teqCO2.ha−1) -20% compared to control
Carbon stock (t.ha−1)* ≥ control system

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