Table 3

Lipids in the composition of foundations.

Global composition Lipids composition Lipids chemical description
Oil phase 40–55% Oils 50% Hydrocarbons: Esters, triglycerides, fatty alcohols and acids, alcanes, Guerbet alcohols
Silicones: Cyclic, linear, phenyled
Volatiles hydrocarbons: Isododecane, isohexadecane, renewable alkanes
Volatiles silicones: Mainly Dimethicone and Cyclopentasiloxane
Polymers 5–15% Hydrocarbons: Polybutene, VP derivative
Silicones: TriMethylSiloxysilicate
Gels 10% Silicones: Dimethicone Vinyl Crosspolymer, Dimethicone Crosspolymer,
Emulsifiers 5% Silicone based
Powders 8% Silicone beads, microplastic beads, Polyethylene (PE) beads
Sun filters 0–15% Sun filters: e.g. Ethyl Hexyl Methoxycinnamate + Booster or solvent
Fragrance ≤ 1%
Antioxidant ≤ 1% Tocopheryl Acetate
Aqueous phase 30–50% NA NA
Pigments 10% NA NA

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