Absorption et assimilation du nitrate et recyclage de l’azote organique chez les plantes : intérêt pour le colza
Laboratoire de nutrition azotée des plantes, INRA, Versailles
Brassica napus (winter oilseed rape) is an important agricultural crop cultivated for oil, which can be used as an edible product or for industrial application, bioester for example. Despite the very high capacity of oilseed rape to take up nitrate, many authors have reported a very low recovery of nitrogen in field-grown crops whatever the level of N fertilizer applied. In this manuscript we describe the main biochemical and molecular mechanisms involved in nitrate uptake, reduction, assimilation and N recycling during the reproductive period to gain sufficient knowledge to determine the relative importance of environmental and genetic factors determining N management in plants. This understanding will provide the necessary background for improvement of oilseed rape varieties.
Key words: Brassica napus / bioester / nitrogen / nitrate
© John Libbey Eurotext 2006