Carbon storage and global change: the role of oil palm
CIRAD-CP, UPR 80, ETP, IOPRI, Medan, Indonesia
2 CIRAD-Forêt, UPR 80, ETP, TA/10C, Campus international de Baillarguet, BP 5035, Montpellier Cedex 5, France
In the context of global change, potential estimations of carbon storage by the oil palm ecosystem in different ecologies have been calculated for the major productive countries in Africa, Asian and American continents. Comparisons were done with other types of planted ecosystems as eucalyptus and coconut as well as different types of natural forests. Carbon budget components as NPP, autotrophic and heterotrophic soil respiration, litter and fine litter contributions were discussed in regards to the very high rate of carbon sequestration by oil palm ecosystem : from 250 to 940 C m–2 yr –1 (estimations including harvested bunches).
Key words: global change / carbon storage / Elaeis guineesis / net primary productivity / soil respiration / ecosystem carbon content
© John Libbey Eurotext 2005